PROTECTION DOG LEVEL 2 SLEEVE (P2S)
Reporting to the Judge
Long Down w/gun shots
Search for Helper
Heeling Off Leash w/gun shots
Hold and Bark
Sit out of Motion
Jump Out Attack
Down & Recall
General Rules for P2S
A. Eligibility: To perform the P2S routine at an SDA trial, the dog must have earned a P1, P1S or P1M title at a previous trial. Must be at least 18 months old.
B. Collar: Only one collar is allowed on the dog. Single collars include the following: flat, choke chain, fur savor or similar types of retracting collars, all used on a dead ring.
C. Leash and leash option: All Obedience phase exercises are performed off leash, with the exception of the long down exercise. During the Protection phase, the handler has the option of performing some of the exercises off leash or using a leash or tab (tab must approximately 24 inches long with no loop on the end and must be approved by the Steward or Judge). See the Protection exercise instructions for specific leash and tab options. The leash is to be held in the left hand when heeling. Whenever a leash or tab is removed, the handler must put it away or hang the leash over their shoulder or around their waist with the clasp positioned on the right side of the handler’s body.
A dog must be leashed when:
1. First reporting to the Judge or Steward
2. When doing the long down honoring exercise;
3. End of class as soon as all the exercises have been completed;
4. Whenever a Judge is critiquing the score;
5. Whenever the Judge instructs the handler to place a leash on the dog.
D. Praise: When reporting to all assigned areas, teams are required to maintain formal heeling with mild praise permissible once arriving at the start position for the next exercise.
E. Call name: A handler may use the dog’s name prior to any command.
F. When heeling is required: For the obedience routine, dog/handler teams are required to perform formal heeling when reporting to all designated areas.
G. Heeling & hands: The dog should always heel close to the left knee of the handler and the shoulder blade of the dog should be aligned next to the handler’s knee. The dog must not forge ahead, move to the side or lag to the rear. A dog that demonstrates positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler is very desirable. The handler should walk freely with both arms moving freely as if the dog wasn’t there. All exercises begin and end in the basic position.
H. Left about turns: Are to be performed as either the (German turn) where the dog circles around the handler or back up in place (FCI International/military) where the dog stays in heel position as the handler turns left. The handler and dog must execute the same turn throughout the obedience phase.
I. Neutrality test: During its entire performance, a dog is under the neutrality test. A dog that shows extreme aggression, fear, shyness or whose demeanor gives the Judge reason to believe that the dog may not safely be judged may be given a non-qualifying score and excused from the ring and further participation in that trial.
J. Judge’s instructions: Any place these rules state “Judge’s Instruction” the Judge or Steward can give the instruction.
K. Qualifying Score:
1. OB2 title. A qualifying score in the Obedience Phase of the P2S class requires the passing of the Obedience phase with a score of 70 points or more. Passing the P2S Obedience Phase qualifies the dog to earn the OB2 title.
2. P2S title. A qualifying score for the P2S Title requires the passing of the P2S Obedience Phase with a score of 70 points or more and passing the P2S Protection Phase with a score of 70 points or more at the same trial.
L. Scoring note: The score sheet for each exercise has multiple listed features that the Judge is required to assess to determine point deductions. However, the Judge must also assess major or minor imperfection deductions that are not listed on the score sheet for any other deviations from the ideal performance.
M. Acknowledging the Judge and critique: For the P2S obedience exercises all handlers are responsible for acknowledging the Judge for instructions on when to report and when concluding the routine. The Judge shall instruct all dog/handler teams where and when to report to receive a critique of the performance and the announcement of the score.
N. Judge’s note for all evaluations: The Judge will be evaluating the handler and dog on the basis of an ideal performance. All of the listed reasons for imperfection deductions are given as a guide for handlers to have some idea of what is expected. The Judge must assess deductions for other behavior that is not covered or that takes away from the ideal performance. In addition, the Judge will be assessing the dog’s behavior concerning attitude, attention to the handler and the willingness to perform the required exercises. Dogs that display energetic attitude and are attentive and responsive toward their handler will receive the most points.
O. Knowledge of the routine is scored: The Judge/Steward will announce the exercise to be performed and will then indicate to the handler to start the exercise. Handlers are required to know all exercises and will lose points if performed incorrectly. The point loss will be proportionate to the error and circumstance. This loss can be .5 to 1.5 for minor to as much as 2 to 4 points for major. Because improper use of equipment can be a safety issue or even an advantage, 1/2 of that exercises points will be deducted for reporting with the wrong equipment. The equipment will be corrected prior to continuing. Point deduction will be taken at finish of hand shake in reporting to judge and after the handler acknowledges the Judge for all other exercises.
P. Pulling a dog from participating in the P2 Protection Phase: When a dog has passed the P2S Obedience Phase, the handler has the option to continue to the protection phase of the class or pull the dog from competing in the protection phase. The handler should inform the Event Secretary of their decision to pull the dog before the dog is scheduled to run. The dog will be marked “Absent” by the Judge for the P2S protection phase on the Trials Results Form/Judge’s Book.
Note: All other general rules on our “general rule page” also apply. See that page here. General Rules
Obedience Routine (P2S/OB2)
1. Reporting to the Judge. The primary purpose of this exercise is to show that the dog/handler team can demonstrate proper heeling and control of a dog while reporting to the Judge. In addition, this exercise will be used as a starting point for evaluating temperament and for determining whether the dog/handler team is suitable for continuing the performance. Dogs that display extreme shyness or extreme aggression must be excused from further participation.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handlers when and where to report, when to begin the exercise, where to report for off leash heeling and where to report for conducting the long down.
b) Reporting Exercise. The OB2 obedience starts with two dog/handler teams reporting to the Judge. The handlers report with their dogs on leash, demonstrating proper heeling. Once reaching the Judge, each handler halts with the dog automatically sitting in the basic position and maintaining the sit throughout the introduction. Handlers are responsible for a formal introduction that includes introducing themselves, giving the dog’s name and stating the class for which they are reporting and specifies the type of finish the dog will perform for any recall exercise. After the introductions, the Judge indicates which team reports for the heeling exercise and which team reports for the long down or honoring exercise. When the handlers reach the correct area specified by the Judge, the handlers acknowledge the Judge for instructions on when to down the dog and when to start the heeling exercise.
c) Scoring the Reporting to the Judge Exercise. This exercise is evaluated primarily on the ability of the dog/handler team to perform a formal introduction to start the routine. The Judge evaluates heeling, introduction procedure and the dog’s behavior during introductions. The dog should display neutral, well-mannered behavior toward the Judge and other dog/handler team.
Note: If a dog is ruled unruly or out of control, the Judge may excuse the dog and handler from performing any further exercises.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) Score. The following must be given a zero on this exercise:
a. Dog is ruled out of control;
b. Dog receives more than three commands to sit during the introductions and instructions;
c. Handler forcing the dog to sit; or
d. Rough treatment of a dog by a handler.
2) Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major of minor depending on the extent of the following:
a. Dog is very slow to sit;
b. Handler gives an extra command;
c. Improper heeling approaching or leaving the Judge;
d. Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);
e. Dog’s heeling could be better;
f. Dog is dull and needs more enthusiasm;
g. Dog moves slightly during the sit; or
h. Dog sits crooked.
2. Long Down or Honoring w/gun shots. The primary element of this exercise is to demonstrate the honoring dog’s ability to remain in the down position while distracted by the presence of another dog/handler team.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where to perform the long down, when the exercise begins, when to re-sit the dog from the down, when the exercise is finished and where to report.
b) Exercise Instructions w/gun shots. The long down or honoring exercise starts after the handler reaches the designated area. After acknowledging the Judge, the handler with a single voice or signal command (not both) commands the dog to down. The handler remains beside the dog holding the leash or may drop the leash by the dog and stand on the end; the leash must remain loose and not restrain the dog. The dog must remain in its assigned position while the other dog/handler team performs their routine. After the other dog/handler team completes the flat retrieve, the handler acknowledges the Judge and on the Judge’s, orders the handler verbally commands the dog to sit. The handler acknowledges the Judge and waits for Judge’s orders to report to the next station.
c) Scoring the Long Down or Honoring Exercise. The honoring exercise is primarily evaluated on the ability of the dog to demonstrate a long down while the other dog/handler team performs their required exercises. The exercise evaluation begins when the handler acknowledges the Judge to start the exercise. The dog should down quickly and remain calm and stationary.
1) Non-Qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero on this exercise:
a. Dog refuses to down after two commands;
b. Handler pushes or touches the dog to make it down; or
c. Dog moves substantially or stands up before the other dog/handler team has completed half of their routine.
2) Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major of minor depending on the extent of the following:
a. Dog needs a double command to down;
b. Handler uses too much body language when giving the down command;
c. Dog is very slow to down;
d. Dog moves a substantial distance by creeping or crawling;
e. Dog refuses to re-sit;
f. Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);
g. Dog is slow to down;
h. Dog moves slightly;
i. Dog whines or barks excessively;
j. Dog’s re-sit is slow; or
k. Dog’s performance is dull or sluggish.
3. Heeling off Leash w/gun shots. The primary purposes of these exercises are to demonstrate the ability of the dog and handler to work smoothly as a team and the ability of the dog to stay in the heel position.
a) Judge’s Instructions: The Judge indicates to the handler where to start, when to start, when to restart after each halt and when the exercise is complete.
b) Exercise Instructions w/gun shots. The handler and dog (on leash) report to the correct area as specified by the Judge and removes the leash. The heeling off leash exercise starts with the handler acknowledging the Judge with the dog in the basic position. The dog should willingly and freely follow the handler upon the voice command to heel, fuss, etc. At the beginning of the exercise, the handler must proceed in a straight line 40 to 50 normal paces without stopping. A left turn about is performed. After 10 to 15 paces of normal heeling, a running heel and a slow heel, each of 10 to 15 paces, are to be demonstrated and then back to a normal pace. The handler must go directly from the fast pace to the slow pace then back to normal pace. Each change of pace allows the handler to give a single heel command. After the slow pace, the handler resumes normal pace, continues another 10 to 15 paces then performs a right turn for 10 to 15 paces then another right turn continues forward for another 20 paces then performs a left turn about, continues another 10 to 15 paces and halts. At this time the handler acknowledges the Judge and waits for the Judge to signal the team when to continue. Once the Judge indicates the team to continue, the team will heel another 10 to 15 paces then perform a left turn and continue heeling into a group of markers. The markers shall be rubber cones or similar objects placed on the corners of a rectangle approximately eight to ten square feet. When entering the markers, a right and left turn must be demonstrated, after the turns, the handler halts and the dog sits (in the basic position) within the group of markers. The handler acknowledges the Judge, continues heeling back to the original starting position and halts. The handler then acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise.
Additional instructions for this exercise concern the actions of the handler. The handler is only permitted to use voice commands when starting the exercise or when changing pace. When the handler comes to a stop, the dog sits in the basic position without being influenced by the handler. During the halt, the handler is not permitted to change the basic position and especially must not move to align with the dog so as to cause the dog to be in proper position.
Instructions for the gunfire test. While the dog and handler are performing the heeling exercise, at least two gunshots (6-9 mm) are to be fired (not while moving through the group) and the dog must remain indifferent to the gun noise. The shots must be fired from a distance of fifteen paces with two shots fired with a three second interval. Should the dog demonstrate gun insecurity, the dog must be assessed a non-qualifying score and be excused immediately from the trial. If the dog demonstrates a certain aggression toward the gunshots, this must be scored as conditionally faulty as long as the dog remains under the control of the handler. The full score can only be awarded to the dog that demonstrates gunshot indifference. Special emphasis must be placed upon gunshot indifference. Should the dog show strong avoidance of the gunshot, such as running away, the dog must be assessed a non-qualifying score and be excused immediately from the trial. If the dog shows potential gunshot insecurity, the Judge may elect to test the dog with additional gunshots to determine the dog’s response. The gunfire test must only be executed during the heeling exercise.
c) Scoring the Heeling Off Leash Exercise. The Judge is evaluating the correctness of the heeling position and the behavior of the dog. Dogs that display positive, energetic attitudes and attentiveness to the handler are most desirable.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:
a. Handler giving the dog constant or repeated extra commands or signals;
b. Handler slapping the leg or snapping fingers excessively;
c. Handler continually adapting pace to dog;
d. Unqualified heeling;
e. Dog “breaks” or “leaves” the handler’s side and is unable to regain its composure and resume heeling; or
f. Dog clearly demonstrates gunshot insecurity.
2) Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major of minor depending on the extent of the following:
a. Handler moving forward and then giving a “heel” command shall be penalized a major imperfection;
b. Handler gives a signal command to heel;
c. Handler giving extra commands;
d. Dog moves out of the basic heel position before a command from the handler;
e. Dog anticipating command;
f. Dog crowding the handler, forging, heeling wide, heeling in an improper position, lagging, poor sitting on the halts, sniffing and any other additional heeling imperfections;
g. Dog fails to stop and sit automatically in the proper basic position each time the handler is required to “Halt”;
h. Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);
i. Failure to change pace by the dog or handler during the fast or slow portion of the heeling exercise;
j. Dog sniffs a Steward, Judge or group exercise marker;
k. Lacks natural smoothness; or
l. Dog demonstrates slight gunshot insecurity.
4. Sit Out of Motion. The principal purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the dog’s ability to perform off leash heeling and upon a verbal command from the handler, perform a stationary sit while the handler proceeds in a straight line without stopping, turns to face the dog and returns to the dog at the end of the exercise.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start, when to return to the dog after the sit and when the exercise is complete.
b) Exercise Instructions. The dog/handler team reports to the designated area as indicated by the Judge. The handler acknowledges the Judge and from the basic position, the handler and a free heeling dog proceed in a straight line for a minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces and upon voice command by the handler, the dog should move quickly to the sit position while the handler does not interrupt their pace nor turn about. After another minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces, the handler stops and turns around to face the dog. When instructed by the Judge, the handler returns to the dog and assumes the basic position on the right side of the dog. The handler then acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise. A period of approximately 3 seconds is observed prior to the Judge’s orders for returning to the dog and another approximate 3 seconds is observed when the handler returns to the dog’s side before acknowledging the Judge for concluding the exercise.
c) Scoring the Sit Out of Motion Exercise. Scoring of this exercise starts after the Judge acknowledges the handler to start. The Judge is evaluating the proper heeling, response to the sit command, handler’s actions and the behavior and performance of the dog. Dogs that demonstrate positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler and perform with quick responses will receive the most points.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:
a. Handler gives two extra commands to sit;
b. Dog moves a substantial distance away from the place where it was sitting; or
c. Dog does not sit but continues with the handler.
a. Dog doesn’t sit but stands or lies down;
b. Dog doesn’t maintain proper heeling position;
c. Dog sits extremely slowly;
d. Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);
e. Dog lies down or stands before the exercise is complete;
f. Handler gives any kind of body language when giving the sit command;
g. Handler turns and looks back at the dog when the sit command is given or while leaving the dog.
h. Dog moves prior to the heel command;
i. Dog sits slowly or moves slightly;
j. Dog whines or barks;
k. Handler doesn’t acknowledge the Judge when starting and finishing the exercise;
l. Dog shows pressure when the handler returns; or
m. Overall performance is not well executed.
5. Down with Recall. The primary purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate that a dog/handler team can perform formal heeling, an out of motion down exercise, a recall, front and finish or side finish exercise.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handler where to start, when to start, when to recall the dog and when the exercise is finished.
b) Exercise Instructions. The Down with Recall exercise starts with the dog/handler team reporting to the original starting position as assigned by the Judge. The handler reports with their dog in the basic position and acknowledges the Judge. The Judge instructs the handler when to begin the heeling routine after the handler indicates he or she is ready. The dog/handler team then demonstrates normal pace off leash heeling in a straight line for minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces without stopping and upon voice command, the dog is commanded to down. The handler proceeds walking in a straight line a minimum of 40 paces, turns and faces the dog. Upon the Judge’s instructions, the handler recalls the dog. The dog should come to the handler and perform a front and finish or a straight to side finish; the type of finish must be the same as indicated to the Judge when the team reported. When the dog performs a front, the handler should wait approximately three seconds and then command the dog back into the basic position. The handler then acknowledges the Judge.
c) Scoring the Down and Recall Exercise. Scoring this exercise starts after the handler acknowledges the Judge. The Judge is evaluating formal heeling, performance of the down and the recall. The Judge is also evaluating the overall smoothness of the entire exercise.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:
a. Handler gives an extra command or signal to “stay” after leaving the dog;
b. Dog refuses to come to the handler;
c. Dog follows the handler when leaving the dog in the down position; or
d. Handler moves from the stationary position on the recall.
a. Improper heeling throughout the routine;
b. Dog moves a substantial distance in the down by crawling or creeping;
c. Dog stands or sits prior to recall;
d. Dog anticipates the recall;
e. Dog is very slow coming to the handler;
f. Dog does the wrong finish;
g. Handler gives extra commands;
h. Handler gives the down command with body language;
i. Dog heels improperly for part of the routine;
j. Attitude of the dog is dull and not attentive to handler;
k. Slow down;
l. Creeping or moving slightly;
m. Dog could come faster;
n. Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);
o. Overall routine could be smoother; or
p. Handler doesn’t acknowledge the Judge.
The agility equipment requirements are listed on equipment page. Equipment
6. Agility Recall. The primary purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the dog’s ability to perform a recall exercise while performing agility. The dog will be required to perform climbing and jumping over obstacles that lie in the dog’s path to the handler.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start, when to recall the dog and when the exercise is complete.
b) Exercise Instructions. The dog/handler team starts the exercise from the same location where the down and recall exercise ended. The exercise starts by the handler acknowledging the Judge with the dog in the basic position and off leash. The handler and a free heeling dog will proceed to an area containing the agility obstacles. The handler heels the dog to a designated area five paces back from directly facing an incline wall. When reaching this point, the handler halts with the dog sitting in the basic position, a verbal command to sit is permitted or the handler may down the dog accepting a ½ point deduction for less difficulty. The handler leaves the dog and walks briskly or jogs to the designated area. The designated area is approximately 10 paces directly behind the last obstacle in the series. The handler acknowledges the Judge for permission to recall; the handler with a single voice command recalls the dog. The dog immediately starts toward the handler first climbing the incline wall and then continuing without hesitation jumping over a series of jumps, which include (in any order) a window jump, rail jump and a solid jump; then continuing without hesitation another 10 paces where the dog arrives at the handler and performs a front and finish or straight side finish. The handler waits three seconds and acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise.
Note: The handler may give a single jump command each time the dog has to cross an obstacle. The dog is required to follow a direct path that requires the dog to successfully negotiate (cross) each obstacle. The obstacles are each placed 8 to 10 paces apart in a straight line. The Judge is responsible for approving the set-up of the obstacles and location. Each obstacle is worth two points.
c) Scoring the Agility Recall. Scoring of this exercise begins when the Judge acknowledges the handler to start. The Judge is evaluating the entire exercise to determine the rating the performance deserves. Dogs that demonstrate positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler and strong willingness to perform the exercise are most desirable.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero on this exercise.
a. Dog climbs or passes incline wall before Judge instructs handler to recall;
b. Dog breaks and comes to the handler without performing any agility;
c. Dog leaves the field; or
d. Dog refuses the recall after three commands.
a. Dog lags, forges, crowds or is wide during heeling phase;
b. Dog is slow to respond to the command;
c. Dog moves or takes extra steps after becoming stationary in the sit;
d. Dog hesitates to perform the agility obstacle;
e. Dog doesn’t successfully negotiate each agility obstacle;
f. Dog’s feet touch or tick the window jump, rail jump, solid jump;
g. Dog leaves early or breaks prior to being called;
h. Recall is slow, crooked front or improper finish; or
i. Handler gives extra commands or handler help with body signals.
j. Required Deduction. One-half point deduction when the handler elects to down the dog for the recall.
7. Flat Retrieve. The principal purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the willingness of dog to retrieve an object thrown by the handler.
a) Judge’s Instruction. The Judge indicates where and when to start the exercise and when the exercise is complete.
b) Exercise Instructions. The exercise starts by acknowledging the Judge with the dog in the basic position and off leash. The dog/handler team demonstrates proper heeling and control as they report to a designated area where the handler obtains the object to be retrieved by the dog. The handler should heel the dog to within 2 paces of the location of the object and place the dog in a sit. The handler leaves the dog in the sit position, obtains an approved object, returns to the dog and demonstrates heeling to the designated area for performing the flat retrieve exercise. (The trial host shall provide a wooden dumbbell approved by the Judge. However, each handler may bring their own object which should be their own wooden dumbbell, wallet, small purse, retrieving bumper, jute roll or other type of similar object which must have first been approved by the Judge) Once reaching the designated area, the handler acknowledges the Judge and then throws or pitches the object a minimum of 10 paces away from the dog. The dog remains in the sit position until the handler gives the command to retrieve. The handler allows a three second pause between the time the object comes to rest and when the command to retrieve is given. Upon a single voice command, the dog leaves the handler’s side and goes directly to the object, retrieves it and returns to the handler performing a front sit position where the handler can easily take the object from the dog without moving. The dog’s speed going to and coming from the retrieve should be the same. The dog holds the object in its mouth while maintaining the sit position for at least 3 seconds before the handler commands the dog to release the object and takes it from the dog. The handler secures the retrieved object by putting it away or placing it under either armpit; the handler then commands the dog back into the basic finish position. After the dog returns to the basic position, the handler acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise.
c) Scoring the Flat Retrieve Exercise. Scoring of this exercise begins when the Judge acknowledges the handler to start. The primary area the Judge is evaluating for obtaining the most points is the willingness of the dog to retrieve the object and the control the handler displays over the dog. The Judge rewards the most points to a dog that demonstrates eagerness, willingness, speed and enthusiasm to retrieve the selected object.
Note: Mouthing the object slightly is not a fault and excessive mouthing will have a maximum one point deduction providing the dog does not drop the retrieved object prior to the handler taking it from the dog.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) Score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:
a. Dog refuses to go out on the second command;
b. Dog doesn’t retrieve the object;
c. Handler moves from the stationary position when the object is thrown;
d. Dog refuses to release the object; or
e. Handler uses any form of rough correction to get the dog to release the retrieved object.
a. Handler gives extra verbal or signal command(s);
b. Dog is very slow or reluctant in performing the exercise;
c. Dog leaves the handler’s side prior to giving the command to retrieve;
d. Dog sits too far back from the handler to comfortably take the object from the dog;
e. Dog is very slow in releasing the object or a double command is given; or
f. Dog drops the object prior to the handler taking it from the dog’s mouth.
g. Dog demonstrates pressure or reluctance to perform the exercise;
h. Speed of the retrieve going and coming is significantly different;
i. Mouthing the object to a point the object is difficult for the handler to retrieve from the dog;
j. Dog is slow in its release or the object must be pulled slightly;
k. Dog sits crooked or returns to the basic position;
l. Handler help or assistance that deviates slightly from the ideal;
m. Dog’s pick-up of the object is slow; or
n. Dog doesn’t go directly to the object and return directly to the handler with the object. The deduction depends on the degree of deviation from the most direct route.
Concluding the obedience routine for both dog/handler teams. The obedience routine is complete when both dog handler/teams have completed all required exercises. The Judge indicates a location for both dog/handler teams to report for their score and critique. The handlers report with their dogs on leash and halt with their dogs maintaining a “sit” in the basic position, handlers should then command their dogs into a “down” position while waiting for their score and critique. Dogs should display proper control during the critique and when exiting from the field. As much as a two point deduction can be assessed for dogs that display lack of control during the critique or when entering or leaving the field.
Note: The Judge’s score is final. Respect and good sportsmanship must be displayed by all parties at all times.
Protection Phase of the Protection Dog Level 2 Sleeve (P2S)
The helpers will use a sleeve in this title.
A. Protection Phase of the P2S. The Protection 2S class is an advanced protection training title. Benefits of this class include: identifying outstanding dogs for possible breeding stock, properly introducing advance protection training and preparing dog/handler teams for advanced competition training.
B. Evaluating Grips and Courage-Drive. The Judge is evaluating grips and courage drive on the following criteria: the dog demonstrates a strong desire to engage the helper. The grip should be full as possible and should be maintained in the same location. Dogs that grip full initially but lose part of the grip due to shaking and pulling are not faulty; dogs that display this type of behavior may actually earn points and be rewarded for demonstrating courage drive and strong willingness to engage the helper. However, if a dog loses part of the grip due to shaking or pulling, the dog should re-grip as soon as the opportunity presents itself. Dogs that take full grips but don’t display courage drive or strong desire to challenge the helper must not receive full points. In addition, dogs that hackle up, growl excessively, show any form of avoidance, loosen their grip while being challenged by the helper or take shallow canine grips are faulty. Judge awards full points to dogs that clearly demonstrate firm gripping, courage drive and overwhelming enthusiasm and commitment to engage the helper.
C. Outs. If the dog, during the gripping stages of the exercise refuses to release the grip a maximum of 3 commands are allowed for each gripping exercise. If the dog does not release the grip on the third command, the Judge shall instruct the handler to quickly go to and control the dog. The dog is excused from further participation. A 3-point deduction shall be given for any extra commands to “let go” used during the exercise.
Protection Exercises for P2S
1. Search for the helper exercise. The primary element of this exercise is to demonstrate the handler’s ability to direct the dog through a set search pattern of blinds. The dog follows the instructions of the handler and to acknowledge the handler when a new command is given.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start the exercise, when the handler may approach the dog for the call off, when the exercise is complete and where to report for the next exercise.
b) Exercise Information. Ideally the protection field is approximately 100 paces long and 50 paces wide with six hiding places for the helper or a minimum of 60 paces long and 30 paces wide with six hiding places for the helper. The hiding places (blinds) should be spaced out in a manner that allows the dog to search from one side of the field to the other. Three hiding places (blinds) are on each side of the field evenly spaced. The helper is placed in a designated hiding place while the dog and handler are reporting to a designated area to start the search.
c) Exercise Instructions. The handler heels the dog on leash to the middle of the field near the first hiding place, once reaching this location the handler removes the leash and acknowledges the Judge to start the exercise. The exercise begins once the handler sends the dog to the first hiding place; the handler remains in the same location that the dog was sent from. The dog should move quickly away from the handler upon receiving voice and arm commands. The dog quickly and intensively searches the field one time to the left and one time to the right or vice versa. When the dog has searched the first area and has been called to the handler, the dog must return to the handler for the command to search the next area. When recalling the dog, the handler may use the dog’s name and recall command. After the dog searches the first hiding place the handler recalls the dog and sends the dog to the next hiding place containing the helper; the handler then walks toward the hiding place until reaching a designated area ten paces back from the last hiding place; no further commands are allowed.
Note: When the dog has been called back to the handler, the dog may return to the basic position or to within two to three paces of the handler and then sent to the final blind. Searching without acknowledging the handler is faulty. Also, extreme wide searches are faulty. After directing the dog to the area containing the helper, the handler follows the dog to a designated location ten paces back from the hiding place. The handler remains there until instructed by the Judge to report to a location to conduct a call off of the dog from the helper. On the Judge’s instructions or signal the handler will report to a location that is two to three paces behind the dog or designated by the Judge, then on the Judge’s signal, the handler calls the dog back to the basic position. When dog is in basic position and the Judge says, exercise finished, the handler may reattach the leash/tab for the next exercise.
d) Scoring the Search for the Helper Routine Exercise. The main criteria for evaluating the Search for the Helper is the dog’s eagerness to search and the handler’s control of the dog while directing the search. Displaying high enthusiasm and responding properly to the handler’s commands are the main characteristics of the dog the Judge is evaluating in order for the dog to earn full points.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:
a. Dog doesn’t search but goes directly to the final blind area containing the helper;
b. Handler uses excessive commands;
c. Dog can’t be directed to the hiding place containing the helper; or
d. Handler runs toward the hiding place when giving the dog the search command.
2) Major or Minor Imperfections. Deductions may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:
a. Dog doesn’t complete the required search pattern;
b. Dog is given extra commands;
c. Dog doesn’t respond or acknowledge the handler when giving a command;
d. Lack of speed and precision displayed by dog during the search is faulty;
e. Handler doesn’t maintain proper positions; or
f. Handler fails to follow the instructions of the Judge.
2. Hold and Bark. The primary element of this exercise is for the dog to demonstrate close guarding of the helper once the helper has been located. In addition, the dog should display loud repeated barking that would indicate to the handler where the helper is located. However, the dog must not bother the helper with any physical contact.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handler where to perform the call off and when to call the dog away from the helper.
b) Exercise Instructions. The hold and bark exercise begins once the dog rounds the blind at the last hiding place containing the helper. The dog must hold and bark continuously at the helper. The dog should neither try to grip nor jump on the helper. At the Judge’s signal, the handler walks within four paces directly behind the dog or to the specific location indicated by the Judge. The dog remains with the helper and should not turn away or leave the helper. Upon direction from the Judge, the handler calls the dog to basic position.
Note: The Judge will allow the dog to guard for approximately eight to ten seconds before signaling for the handler to report for the call off exercise. The Judge starts counting the seconds when the dog rounds the blind.
c) Scoring the Hold and Bark Exercise. The Judge is evaluating the dog’s intensity, quality of the bark and the attention displayed while guarding.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise.
a. Dog leaves the helper and returns to the handler and will not return to guarding;
b. Dog grips the helper the entire time of the exercise; or
c. Dog is ruled out of control.
2) Major and Minor Imperfections: Major and minor imperfection deductions will be assessed for any deviation from the ideal performance.
a. Dog lacks proper barking;
b. Dog bothers the helper;
c. Dog lacks intensity and confidence;
d. Dog leaves the helper before being called off;
e. Dog receives extra commands from the handler;
f. Dog is unruly and lacks control; or
g. Handler doesn’t follow the instructions of the Judge.
3. Jump out Attack & Back Transport. The primary element of this exercise is for the dog/handler team to demonstrate two legs of heeling prior to intercepting an attack by a hidden helper coming out of the blind to engage the team and the dog is to defend with a grip. Then there is a disengagement exercise followed by a two leg transport with a re-attack by the helper, followed by another disengagement exercise.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates when and where to heel the dog to start the heeling requirements, the pattern of the heeling requirement, when the helper will attack, when the helper ceases challenging the dog, when the handler may approach the dog for a call off, when the helper will perform the re-attack, when to cease the engagement, when the handler can approach the dog for the dismissal exercise, when the helper is excused and where to report for the next exercise.
b) Exercise Instructions. After the dog is called to the basic position from the Hold and Bark, the handler has the option of using a leash/tab or not for the jump out attack and back transport exercise. If the handler elects to use a leash/tab, it is attached at this time. The exercise begins by the handler ordering the helper out of the blind. Once the helper is out from the blind, the Judge signals the handler to heel the dog to a position inside the blind so as to obstruct the dog’s view of the helper. Once the helper is out of the dog’s view and hidden, the Judge will instruct the handler where to heel his or her dog for starting the heeling pattern; after the handler reaches this position and has the dog in basic position, the handler acknowledges Judge for starting the two leg heeling pattern that the Judge has specified. If the dog is on leash, the handler will heel until the Judge orders him/her to stop. At this time, the handler will remove leash and finish rest of the pattern. If the dog is on a tab, it can be left on throughout the rest of the pattern. The dog/handler team will then perform the two legs of heeling and on the second leg of the pattern the Judge will order the attack out of the blind by the helper. This attack should occur when the dog and handler team are approximately 10 to 12 yards from where the helper is hiding. The dog should demonstrate proper obedience and control during the heeling and then immediately engage the helper when the helper attacks the handler. The dog may recognize the attack and engage immediately or the handler may command the dog to engage.
The helper is expected to perform the jump out attack in a very adversarial manner which includes charging directly at the dog using verbal and physical threats. Once the dog has engaged the helper, the helper will challenge the dog with an attack style form of driving and will apply two stick hits with a padded stick. The stick hits could come at any time after the dog has taken the grip. The stick strikes should be delivered in a firm manner and across the dog’s withers. The helper will also drive the dog while applying the strikes. Once the sticks hits have been applied and the dog has been driven approximately 8 to 10 yards from the point of engagement, the Judge will order the helper to cease the attack. The helper should cease the attack and stand still. The dog should then release the grip on its own or when given the command to release; this command should be given approximately three seconds after the helper freezes up or when the Judge orders the release command. Once the dog releases the grip, the dog is expected to perform some form of guarding such as hold and bark, sit stare or down stare. The dog should remain guarding until the handler is beside the dog and the dog is commanded back into the basic position. The handler shall not return to the dog until so ordered by the Judge. After the dog assumes the basic position, the handler shall order the helper to step back and turn around to perform the back transport. A back transport of the helper for approximately 30 paces is now performed. The handler and dog follow and maintain a distance of approximately 5 paces. Again, the dog must demonstrate proper obedience with the handler while transporting the helper. The transport will have two legs of distance to cover and on the second leg the Judge signals the helper to perform a re-attack on the handler. The dog must recognize the attack and intercept the helper (a command to engage the helper is permitted without fault). The helper will apply an attack style of driving and will threaten with the stick. The dog will be driven approximately 8 to 10 yards of distance. The Judge indicates to the helper when to cease the attack. Once the helper is standing still the dog should release the grip or the dog can be commanded to release the grip. The dog should release the grip and immediately return to guarding the helper. Upon the Judge’s instructions, the handler approaches the dog, commands the dog into the basic position, tells the helper to step back, reattaches the leash (if one has not been used) or picks up the tab (if already attached to the dog) and acknowledges the Judge. The team then reports to the specified location for conducting the courage test.
c) Scoring the Jump Out Attack and Transport Exercise. The Judge is primarily evaluating the control the handler displays over the dog and the willingness of the dog to engage the helper during the attack and re-attack exercises on the handler. The intensity of the dog during the gripping phases and the control displayed over the dog by the handler are the major areas the Judge is assessing. Dogs that display a good quality of control, extreme intensity during the gripping phase and respond well to handler commands will receive the maximum points for this exercise.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise.
a. Dog doesn’t grip the helper during the attacks on the handler;
b. Dog comes off the grip and refuses to re-engage the helper;
c. Dog is unruly or mostly out of control; or
d. Handler uses too many commands or corrections to control the dog.
2) Major or Minor Imperfections. Major or minor imperfection deductions will be assessed for any deviation from an ideal performance. The following imperfection deductions will be assessed:
a. Dog’s heeling is not correct;
b. Dog lacks intensity during the gripping phases of the exercise;
c. Dog comes off the grip while being challenged;
d. Handler gives extra verbal or physical commands;
e. Dog shows avoidance during the stick hits by the helper;
f. Dog’s response to the release command is slow
g. Handler doesn’t execute the routine in an orderly manner;
h. Smoothness of the routine could be better; or
i. Dog lacks attitude or intensity.
4. Courage Test. The primary element of this exercise is to demonstrate a dog’s willingness and ability to engage a helper from a long distance away from the handler. This exercise is designed to test the courage of the dog as it approaches a helper making direct threatening gestures. The dog should display a strong desire to engage the helper and a willingness to respond to commands by the handler from a distance. The dog will be required to perform one release command from a fairly long distance.
a) Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start the exercise, when the helper comes out for the attack on the handler, when the dog can be sent, when the helper ceases challenging the dog, where the transport is to be performed, dismissal of the helper, when the exercise is over and where to report for the score or critique of the performance.
b) Exercise Instructions. The handler heels the dog to a designated area and once arriving removes the leash/tab from the dog and acknowledges the Judge. The Judge signals for the helper to come out from the hiding place. When the handler sees, the helper come out, the handler gives a verbal warning to the helper to stop or the dog will be sent. Once the helper turns up the field and starts making a direct approach toward the handler, the Judge signals the handler to send the dog, which has been waiting in the basic position or held by the collar. The handler may encourage the dog to engage the helper before releasing the dog. The handler sends the dog and follows the dog down the field at a brisk walk until the dog engages the helper; after the dog engages the helper, the handler remains at that location. The helper is to come down the field in a threatening manner using both physical and verbal threats.
Sleeve presentation. When the helper is approximately five yards from the dog the helper shall present the sleeve with a direct frontal threat using both verbal and stick threats; The dog must immediately grip firmly. When the dog has gripped, the helper drives the dog. Upon the Judge’s signal the helper will cease resisting. The dog must release the grip and continue guarding. The command to “let go” by the handler is permitted. The handler remains in a stationary position until signaled by the Judge to approach the dog for performing a disarm exercise.
The disarm & transport exercise consists of the handler positioning the dog into a down position approximately three to four paces from the helper; the required distance can be obtained by heeling the dog to the proper distance or instructing the helper to move to the necessary location. After the helper is in the correct location for performing a disarm exercise, the handler commands the helper to place his/her arms up. The handler then leaves the dog, goes to the helper to obtain any weapon, returns back to the dog, commands the dog to sit, attaches the leash or tab, and then instructs the helper to move out to the Judge. Any type of transport is acceptable (SDA, IPO, KNVP, etc.), but must be performed correctly. Same style transport must be use throughout all exercises. A transport of about fifteen paces to the Judge should be performed. Also after conducting the search, the handler may call the dog to the heel position three paces directly behind the helper, then attach the leash or tab and start the transport. In the SDA style transport the handler performs a close back transport of about fifteen paces to the Judge; the handler and dog should follow the helper at a distance around three to five paces. Once the helper reaches the Judge, the handler commands the helper to halt and turn and face the dog. The handler then commands the dog into a down position; leaves the dog and presents the weapon to the Judge. The handler then returns to his or her dog, picks up the leash or tab, commands the dog to sit and, if a tab was used, the leash would be attached after the sit. The handler remains with the dog in the basic position while the Judge dismisses the helper. The handler acknowledges the Judge and waits for instructions on where to report for hearing the score or critique of the performance. The dog is expected to exit the field under control.
c) Scoring the Courage Test Exercise. The Judge is primary evaluating the courage instinct displayed by the dog during the entire routine. Dogs that display superior courage drives, firm grips and spirited enthusiasm should receive the most points. In addition, the dog’s responses to handler’s command are very important for receiving maximum points.
Note: Dogs that display energetic attitude, eagerness to engage the helper and courage to grip should receive the maximum points. Regarding the “grip” - Dogs that take initial full grips but lose part of the grip due to the extreme pulling and shaking should be rewarded; however, the dog should re-grip as soon as the opportunity presents itself. Displaying eagerness or strong willingness to engage the helper are the main characteristics the Judge is evaluating to determine the courage drive and intensity displayed by the dog.
1) Non-qualifying (Zero) scores: The following must be given zero score on this exercise.
a. Dog doesn’t grip the helper.
b. Dog comes off the grip and doesn’t re-engage the helper.
c. Rough treatment by the handler to make the dog follow commands.
2) Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfection may be major or minor based on the extent of the following:
a. Extra commands (verbal or physical);
b. Dog lacks intensity to make contact with helper;
c. Dog lacks intensity during the gripping phases of the routine;
d. Dog’s speed and power displayed during the long attack strike;
e. The response of dog to obedience commands by the handler;
f. The attitude or demeanor the dog displays throughout the routine;
g. Handler’s ability to demonstrate proper knowledge of the routine; or
h. Overall smoothness of the routine.
Concluding the Routine: The Judge will inform the handler where to report for critiques and announcement of the score. The handler reports with dog on leash and halt with dog maintaining a “sit” in the basic position, handler should then command their dog into a “down” position while waiting for their score and critique. Dog should display proper control during the critique and when exiting from the field. As much as a two point deduction can be assessed for dogs that display lack of control during the critique or when entering or leaving the field. The Judge will have the option of providing a detailed critique, a short summary, or simply announcing the score of the performance of each handler and dog team. Handlers may request an individual critique or review of the performance with the Judge if a critique is not provided. The Judge will determine the time and place for any individual reviews.
Note: The Judge’s score is final. Respect and good sportsmanship must be displayed by all parties at all times