Service Dogs of America
Ultimate Dog Sport

SDA

Working Dog Registry

Titling program for protection, obedience, tracking & search dogs

 

Police Dog 1 (PD1) Title

Rules and Exercises for the Police Dog 1 (PD1) class. The PD1 class is divided into two parts: The Obedience phase and the Protection phase. The obedience and protection routines consist of many advanced training exercises that are considered essentials for testing and identifying dogs with the capability to perform police service work. In addition, the exercises required for this class are excellent for providing competition and for promoting dog training. Other benefits of a title from this class will be to improve training related to police service work and to provide a class/title that is a credible test for identifying dogs who possess the necessary skills that would make them good candidates for police service work or for breeding. The PD1 will be one of the main titles used in the SDA Ultimate Dog Sport program for improving breeding characteristics and assisting dog owners who want to produce dogs capable of police service work.            

Obedience Exercises

Points

Protection Exercises

Points

Reporting to the Judge

5

Friendly Greeting & Control with a Hostile Helper

10

Long Down w/gun shots

15

Passive Alert

15

Heeling on Leash w/gun shots

or

Heeling off Leash w/gun shots

25

25

Jump Out Attack

30

Sit out of Motion

15

Defense of the Handler

15

Down & Recall

20

Courage Test w/gun shots

30

Agility Recall

20

 

 

TOTAL POINTS

100

TOTAL POINTS

100

 

General Rules for the PD1

A.  Eligibility: To perform the PD1 routine a dog must have earned an FO title or higher title. Must be 18 months old.

B.  Collar: Only one collar is allowed on the dog for the OB phase. Single collars include the following: flat, choke chain, fur savor or similar types of retracting collars, all used on a dead ring. The protection phase allows for the use of two collars; one collar can be a flat collar, fur savor on dead ring, choke collar on dead ring, or a pinch collar on dead ring. A harness may be used in place of one collar. Pinch collars must be worn with an additional collar attached except when used with a harness.

C.  Leash and leash option: The PD1/OB1 allows handlers the option of performing any exercise in the obedience phase of the class off leash except where a leash is required. However, exercising this option does not earn any additional points. Sit out of Motion, Down Out of Motion and Recall, exercises must be performed be off leash. During the Protection phase, the handler has the option of performing some of the exercises off leash or using a leash or tab (tab must approximately 24 inches long with no loop on the end and must be approved by the Steward or Judge). See the Protection exercise instructions for specific leash and tab options. The leash is to be held in the left hand when heeling. Whenever a leash or tab is removed, the handler must put it away or hang the leash over their shoulder or around their waist with the clasp positioned on the right side of the handler’s body.

A dog must be leashed when:

1.   First reporting to the Judge or Steward

2.   When doing the long down honoring exercise;

3.   End of class as soon as all the exercises have been completed;

4.   Whenever a Judge is critiquing the score;

5.   Whenever the Judge instructs the handler to place a leash on the dog.

 

D.  Praise: When reporting to all assigned areas, teams are required to maintain formal heeling with mild praise permissible once arriving at the start position for the next exercise.

E.  Call name: A handler may use the dog’s name prior to any command.

F.   When heeling is required: For the Obedience Routine, dog/handler teams are required to perform formal heeling when reporting to all designated areas.

G.  Heeling & hands: The dog should always heel close to the left knee of the handler and the shoulder blade of the dog should be aligned next to the handler’s knee. The dog must not forge ahead, move to the side or lag to the rear. A dog that demonstrates positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler is very desirable. The handler should walk freely with both arms moving freely as if the dog wasn’t there.  All exercises begin and end in the basic position.

H.  Left about turns: Are to be performed as either the (German turn) where the dog circles around the handler, or back up in place (FCI International/military) where the dog stays in heel position as the handler turns left. The handler and dog must execute the same turn throughout the obedience phase.

I.     Neutrality test: During its entire performance, a dog is under the neutrality test. A dog that shows extreme aggression, fear, shyness or whose demeanor gives the Judge reason to believe that the dog may not safely be judged may be given a non-qualifying score and excused from the ring and further participation in that trial.

J.   Judge’s instructions: Any place these rules state “Judge’s Instruction” the Judge or Steward can give the instruction.

K.  Qualifying score P1S title:

1)   OB1 title. A qualifying score in the Obedience Phase of the PD1 class requires the passing of the Obedience phase with a score of 70 points or more. Passing the PD1 Obedience Phase qualifies the dog to earn the OB1 title.

2)   PD1 title. A qualifying score for the PD1 Title requires the passing of the PD1 Obedience Phase with a score of 70 points or more and passing the P1S Protection phase with a score of 70 points or more at the same trial.

L.   Scoring note: The score sheet for each exercise has multiple listed features that the Judge is required to assess to determine point deductions. However, the Judge must also assess major or minor imperfection deductions that are not listed on the score sheet for any other deviations from the ideal performance.

M. Acknowledging the Judge and critique: For the PD1/OB1 exercises all handlers are responsible for acknowledging the Judge for instructions on when to report and when concluding the routine. The Judge shall instruct all dog/handler teams where and when to report to receive a critique of the performance and the announcement of the score.

N.  Judge’s note for all evaluations: The Judge will be evaluating the handler and dog on the basis of an ideal performance. All of the listed reasons for imperfection deductions are given as a guide for handlers to have some idea of what is expected. The Judge must assess deductions for other behavior that is not covered or that takes away from the ideal performance. In addition, the Judge will be assessing the dog’s behavior concerning attitude, attention to the handler and the willingness to perform the required exercises. Dogs that display energetic attitude and are attentive and responsive toward their handler will receive the most points.

O.  Knowledge of the routine is scored: The Judge/Steward will announce the exercise to be performed and will then indicate to the handler to start the exercise. Handlers are required to know all exercises and will lose points if performed incorrectly. The point loss will be proportionate to the error and circumstance. This loss can be .5 to 1.5 for minor to as much as 2 to 4 points for major. Because improper use of equipment can be a safety issue or even an advantage, 1/2 of that exercises points will be deducted for reporting with the wrong equipment. The equipment will be corrected prior to continuing. Point deduction will be taken at finish of hand shake in reporting to judge and after the handler acknowledges the Judge for all other exercises.

P.  Pulling a dog from participating in the PD1 Protection phase: When a dog has passed the PD1 Obedience Phase, the handler has the option to continue to the protection phase of the class or pull the dog from competing in the protection phase. The handler should inform the Event Secretary of their decision to pull the dog before the dog is scheduled to run. The dog will be marked “Absent” by the Judge for the protection phase on the Trials Results Form/Judge’s Book.

Note: All other general rules on our “general rule page” also apply.  See that page here. General Rules

Obedience Routine of the Police Dog 1 (PD1)

1.   Reporting to the Judge Exercise. The primary purpose of this exercise is to show that the dog/handler team can demonstrate proper heeling and control of a dog while reporting to the Judge. In addition, this exercise is used as a starting point for evaluating temperament and for determining whether the team is suitable for performing the evaluation. Dogs that display extreme shyness or extreme aggression will be excused from further participation.

a)   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handlers when and where to report, when to begin the exercise, where to report for the heeling exercise and where to report for conducting the long down.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The PD1 Obedience phase starts with two dog/handler teams reporting to the Judge. The handlers report with their dogs on leash, demonstrating proper heeling. Once reaching the Judge, each handler halts with the dog automatically sitting and maintaining a sit throughout the introduction. Handlers are responsible for a formal introduction that includes introducing themselves, giving the dog’s name, and stating the type of class for which they are reporting and whether the dog’s heeling exercises will be performed on or off leash and what type of finish the dog performs. On the dog’s score sheet, the Judge notes the handler’s heeling choice and type of finish, after which time the handler shall be committed to the heeling choice as accepted by the Judge. After the introductions, the Judge indicates which team reports for the heeling exercise and which team reports for the long down or honoring exercise.

c)   Scoring the Reporting to the Judge Exercise. This exercise is evaluated primarily on the ability of the dog/handler team to perform a formal introduction to start the routine. The Judge evaluates heeling, introduction procedure and the dog’s behavior during introductions. The dog should display neutral, well-mannered behavior toward the Judge and the other dog/handler team.

Note: If a dog is ruled extremely shy or aggressive, unruly or out of control, the Judge may excuse the dog and handler from performing any additional exercises.

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) Score. The following must be given a zero on this exercise.

a.   Dog is ruled out of control;

b.   Dog receives more than three commands to sit during the introductions and instructions;

c.   Handler forcing the dog to sit; or

d.   Rough treatment of a dog by a handler.

2)   Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major of minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Dog is very slow to sit;

b.   Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);

c.   Handler gives an extra command;

d.   Improper heeling approaching or leaving the Judge;

e.   Dog’s heeling could be better;

f.     Dog is dull and needs more enthusiasm;

g.   Dog moves slightly during the sit; or

h.   Dog sits crooked.

 

2.   Long Down or Honoring Exercise. The primary element of this exercise is to demonstrate the honoring dog’s ability to remain in the down position while distracted by the presence of the other dog/handler team.

a)   Judge’s Instruction. The Judge indicates where to perform the long down, when the exercise begins, when to re-sit the dog from the down, when the exercise is finished and where to report.     

b)  Exercise Instructions. The long down or honoring exercise starts after the handler reaches the designated area. After acknowledging the Judge, the handler with a single voice or signal command (not both) commands the dog to down. The handler remains beside the dog holding the leash or may drop the leash by the dog and stand on the end; the leash must remain loose and not restrain the dog. The dog must remain in its assigned position while the other dog handler/team performs their routines. After the other dog/handler team completes the agility recall, the handler acknowledges the Judge and on the Judge’s order, the handler verbally commands the dog to sit. Once again, the handler acknowledges the Judge and waits for Judge’s order to report.

c)   Scoring the Long Down or Honoring Exercise. The honoring exercise is primarily evaluated on the ability of the dog to demonstrate a long down while the other dog/handler team performs their required exercises. The exercise evaluation begins when the handler acknowledges the Judge to start the exercise. The dog should down quickly and remain calm and stationary.

1)   Non-Qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero on this exercise.

a.   Dog refuses to down after three commands;

b.   Handler pushes or touches the dog to make it down; or

c.   Dog moves substantially or stands up before the other dog/handler team has completed half of their routine.

2)   Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Dog needs a double command to down;

b.   Handler uses too much body language when giving the down command;

c.   Dog is very slow to down;

d.   Dog moves a substantial distance by creeping or crawling;

e.   Dog refuses to re-sit;

f.     Dog is slow to down;

g.   Dog moves slightly;

h.   Dog whines or barks excessively;

i.     Dog’s re-sit is slow;

j.     Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground); or

k.   Dog’s performance is dull or sluggish.

 

3.   Heeling on or off Leash Exercise. The primary purposes of these exercises are to demonstrate the ability of the dog and handler to work smoothly as a team and the ability of the dog to stay in the heel position.

a)   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where to start, when the handler is to remove the leash (if the handler is exercising this option) when to start, when to restart after each halt, when to leave the markers and when the exercise is complete.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The handler and dog (on leash) report to the correct area as specified by the Judge. Handler removes the leash and puts it away if the exercise is going to be performed off leash. The heeling exercise starts with the handler acknowledging the Judge and the dog in the basic position. The dog should willingly and freely follow the handler upon the voice command to heel. At the beginning of the exercise, the handler must proceed in a straight line 40 to 50 normal paces without stopping. A left turn about is performed and after 10 to 15 paces of normal heeling, a running exercise and a slow exercise, each of at least 10 to 15 paces are to be demonstrated. The handler must go directly from the fast pace to the slow pace and then back to normal pace. Each change of pace allows the handler to give a single heel command. After the slow pace, the handler resumes normal pace and continues another 10 to 15 paces and then performs a right turn for 10 to 15 paces and then another right turn and continues forward for another 20 paces and then performs a left turn about and continues another 10 to 15 paces and halt. At this time, the handler acknowledges the Judge and continues another 10 to 15 paces and performs a left turn and then continues heeling toward a set of markers (obstacles) where the handler must perform a heeling pattern around the markers. The markers shall be rubber cones or similar objects placed on the corners of a rectangle approximately eight to ten square feet. When entering the markers, a right and left turn must be demonstrated, after the turns, the handler halts and the dog sits (in the basic position) within the group of markers. The handler acknowledges the Judge, continues heeling back to the original starting position, and performs a halt. The handler then acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise.

Additional instructions for this exercise concern the actions of the handler. The handler is only permitted to use voice commands when starting the exercise and when changing pace. When the handler comes to a stop, the dog should sit in the basic position without being influenced by the handler. During the halt, the handler is not permitted to change the basic position and must not step sideways toward the dog.

Last are the instructions for the gunfire test. While the dog and handler are performing the heeling exercise, at least two gunshots (6-9 mm) are to be fired (not while moving through the group of markers) and the dog must remain indifferent to the gun noise. The shots must be fired from a distance of fifteen paces with two shots fired with a three second interval. Should the dog demonstrate gun insecurity, the dog must be assessed a non-qualifying score and be excused immediately from the trial. If the dog demonstrates a certain aggression toward the gunshots, this must be scored as conditionally faulty as long as the dog remains under the control of the handler. The full score can only be awarded to the dog that demonstrates gunshot indifference.

Special emphasis must be placed upon gunshot indifference. Should the dog show strong avoidance of the gunshot, such as running away, the dog must be assessed a non-qualifying score and be excused immediately from the trial. If the dog shows potential gunshot insecurity, the Judge may elect to test the dog with additional gunshots to determine the dog’s response. The gunfire test must only be executed during the heeling exercise.

c)   Scoring the Heeling on or off Leash Exercise: The Judge is evaluating the correctness of the heeling position and the behavior of the dog. Dogs that display positive, energetic attitudes and attentiveness to the handler are most desirable.

     Note:  Points earned are the same for performing the heeling routine on or off leash!

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:

a.   Handler giving the dog constant or repeated extra commands or signals;

b.   Handler slapping the leg or snapping fingers repeatedly;

c.   Handler continually adapting pace to dog;

d.   Unqualified heeling;

e.   Dog breaks or leaves the handler’s side and cannot regain its composure and resume heeling; or

f.     Dog clearly demonstrates gunshot insecurity.

2)   Major and Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Handler moving forward and then giving a “heel” command shall be penalized a major imperfection;

b.   Handler gives a signal command to heel;

c.   Handler giving extra commands or signals;

d.   Dog moves out of the basic heel position before a command from the handler;

e.   Dog anticipating command;

f.     Dog crowding the handler, forging, heeling wide, heeling in an improper position, lagging, poor sitting on the halts, sniffing and any other additional heeling imperfections;

g.   Dog fails to stop and sit automatically in the proper basic position each time the handler is required to “Halt”;

h.   Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);

i.     Failure to change pace by the dog or handler during the fast or slow portion of the heeling exercise;

j.     Dog sniffs a Steward or marker;

k.   Lacks natural smoothness; Or

l.     Dog demonstrates slight gunshot insecurity.

 

4.   Sit Out of Motion Exercise. The principal purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the dog’s ability to perform heeling and upon a verbal command from the handler, perform a stationary sit while the handler proceeds in straight line without stopping, turns to face the dog and returns to the dog at the end of the exercise.

 

a)   Judge’s Instruction. The Judge indicates where and when to start, when to return to the dog after the sit, and when the exercise is complete.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The dog/handler team reports to the designated area as indicated by the Judge. The handler will acknowledge the Judge, remove the leash (if attached) and, from the basic position, the handler and a free heeling dog will proceed in a straight line for a minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces, and upon voice command by the handler, the dog should move quickly into the sit position while the handler does not interrupt their pace nor turn about. After another minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces, the handler stops and turns around to face the dog. When instructed by the Judge, the handler will return to the dog and assume the basic position on the right side of the dog. The handler will then acknowledge the Judge for concluding the exercise. A period of approximately 3 seconds is observed prior to the Judge’s orders for returning to the dog and another approximate 3 seconds is observed when the handler returns to the dog’s side before acknowledging the Judge for concluding the exercise.

c)   Scoring the Sit Out of Motion Exercise. Scoring of this exercise starts after the Judge acknowledges the handler to start. The Judge is evaluating proper heeling, response to the sit command, handler’s actions and the behavior and performance of the dog. Dogs that demonstrate positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler and perform with quick responses will receive the most points.

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:

a.   Handler gives more than two extra commands to sit;

b.   Dog moves a substantial distance away from the place where it was sitting;

c.   Dog does not sit but continues with the handler; or

d.   The handler totally interrupts their pace or comes back to sit the dog directly after giving the command to sit.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Dog doesn’t sit but stands or lies down;

b.   Dog doesn’t maintain proper heeling position;

c.   Dog sits extremely slowly;

d.   Dog lies down before the exercise is complete;

e.   Handler gives any kind of body language when giving the sit command;

f.     Handler turns and looks back at the dog when the sit command is given or while leaving the dog;

g.   Dog moves prior to the heel command;

h.   Dog sits slowly or moves slightly;

i.     Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);

j.     Dog whines or barks;

k.   Handler doesn’t acknowledge the Judge when starting and finishing the exercise;

l.     Dog shows pressure when the handler returns; or

m. The overall performance is not well executed.

 

5.   Down with Recall Exercise. The primary purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate that a dog/handler team can perform formal heeling, a down out of motion, a recall, front and finish or a straight to finish exercise.

a)   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handler where to start, when to start, when to recall the dog and when the exercise is finished.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The Down with Recall exercise starts with the dog/handler team reporting to the original starting position assigned by the Judge. The handler reports with their dog in the basic position and acknowledges the Judge. The dog/handler team then demonstrates normal pace off leash heeling in a straight line for minimum of 10 or maximum of 15 paces without stopping, and upon voice command, the dog is commanded to down. The handler proceeds walking in a straight line a minimum of 40 paces turns and faces the dog. Upon the Judge’s instructions, the handler will recall the dog. The dog should come to the handler and perform a front and finish or a straight to side finish; the type of finish must be the same as indicated to the Judge when the team reported. When the dog performs a front, the handler should wait approximately three seconds and then command the dog back into the basic position. The handler then acknowledges the Judge. The Judge’s evaluation of the down and recall exercise ends once the handler acknowledges the Judge.

c)   Scoring the Down and Recall Exercise. Scoring this exercise starts after the handler acknowledges the Judge. The Judge is evaluating formal heeling, performance of the down and the recall exercise. The Judge is also evaluating the overall smoothness of the entire exercise.

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:

a.   Handler gives two extra commands or signal to “stay” after leaving the dog;

b.   Dog refuses to come to the handler;

c.   Dog follows the handler when leaving the dog in the down position; or

d.   Handler moves from the stationary position on the recall.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Improper heeling throughout the routine;

b.   Dog moves a substantial distance in the down by crawling or creeping;

c.   Dog stands prior to recall;

d.   Dog anticipates the recall;

e.   Dog is very slow coming to the handler;

f.     Dog does the wrong finish;

g.   Handler gives extra commands;

h.   Handler gives the down command with body language;

i.     Dog heels improperly for part of the routine;

j.     Attitude of the dog is dull and not attentive to handler;

k.   Slow down;

l.     Creeping or moving slightly;

m. Dog could come faster;

n.   Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);

o.   Overall routine could be smoother; or

p.   Handler doesn’t acknowledge the Judge.

 

The agility equipment requirements are listed on equipment page.   Equipment

6.   Agility Recall Exercise. The primary purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the dog’s ability to perform a down and recall exercise after performing agility (climbing and jumping over obstacles that lie in dog’s path.)

a.   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start, and when the exercise is complete.

 

b.   Exercise Instructions. The dog/handler team starts the exercise from the same location as the down and recall exercise ended. The exercise starts by the handler acknowledging the Judge with the dog in the basic position and off leash. The handler and a free heeling dog proceed to an area containing the agility obstacles. The handler heels the dog to a designated area five paces back from directly facing an incline wall. When reaching this point, the handler halts with the dog sitting in the basic position, a verbal command to sit is permitted. The handler pauses for three seconds, then gives the dog a heel command to approach a series of obstacles lying in the dog’s path; as the handler and dog approach each obstacle, the handler gives a verbal command to the dog to climb or jump over each obstacle. After crossing each obstacle, the dog should return to the heel position as the handler continues walking at a brisk pace. In addition, the handler may speed up as the dog crosses each obstacle to catch up with the dog and then returns to a brisk pace, furthermore, a single verbal heel command is allowed after the dog crosses each obstacle. When the dog crosses the last obstacle the handler immediately commands the dog into a down position as the handler continues forward approximately ten paces after reaching this point, the handler then turns and faces the dog. The handler then acknowledges the Judge for permission to recall the dog; the dog should report performing the same recall exercise as performed earlier in the down and recall exercise.

 

The dog is required to negotiate (cross) a series of obstacles that include the following: an incline wall, a window jump, a rail jump and a solid jump; each obstacle will be spaced 8 to10 paces apart and in a straight line. Jumps may be placed in any order. The handler will walk a path that allows the dog to negotiate (cross) each obstacle and return to the handlers left side in heel position. The handler should walk close to each obstacle without interrupting their pace. Once the dog has completed the agility and recall and is back in the basic position the handler waits three seconds and acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise.

Note, the dog is required to follow a path that would require the dog to successfully negotiate (cross) each obstacle. The Judge will be responsible for approving the obstacles and the location. For dog’s jump height requirements refer to the table:

 

c.   Scoring the Agility Recall. Scoring of this exercise begins when the Judge acknowledges the handler to start. The Judge is evaluating the entire exercise to determine the rating the performance deserves. Dogs that demonstrate positive, energetic, attentive behavior toward the handler and a strong willingness to perform the exercise are most desirable. Each obstacle is worth two points.

 

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero on this exercise:

a.   Dog follows the handler and doesn’t perform any obstacles;

b.   Dog breaks and will not return to the handler; or

c.   Dog refuses to recall after three commands.

2)   Major and Minor Imperfections. Major or minor imperfection deductions may be assessed for any deviation from the ideal performance.

a.   Dog lags, forges, crowds or is wide during heeling phase;

b.   Dog is slow to respond to the command;

c.   Dog moves or takes extra steps after becoming stationary in the sit;

d.   Incomplete sit (hovering/space between butt and ground);

e.   Dog hesitates to perform the agility obstacle;

f.     Dog’s feet touch or tick the window jump, rail jump, solid jump;

g.   Dog doesn’t successfully negotiate each agility obstacle;

h.   Dog leaves early or breaks prior to being called;

i.     Recall is slow, crooked front or improper finish; or

j.     The handler gives extra commands or handler help with body signals.

 

Conclusion and critique Obedience Routine. The PD1 Obedience routine is complete when both dog/handler teams have completed all required exercises. The Judge indicates a location for both dog/handler teams to report for their score and critique. The handlers report with their dogs on leash and halt with their dogs maintaining a “sit” in the basic position, handlers should then command their dogs into a “down” position while waiting for their score and critique. Dogs should display proper control during the critique and when exiting from the field. As much as a two point deduction can be assessed for dogs that display lack of control during the critique or when entering or leaving the field.

Protection Phase of the Police Dog 1 (PD1)

The Police Dog 1 (PD1) requires reality-based training exercises directly related to police dog training. This portion of the PD1 class is specifically designed to test and identify dogs that have the potential to become police service dogs or for identifying dogs that should be considered for breeding.

In addition, this portion of the PD1 class is an excellent venue for testing a dog’s nerves, tenacity, athletic ability and overall temperament for performing any type of advanced protection or apprehension services.

Furthermore, the PD1 is a major tool in the SDA Ultimate Dog Sport program by offering competition, improving service dog breeding standards and for promoting service protection training. Dogs that excel at performing in this class should be excellent candidates for protection or apprehension service work.

General Rules

A.  Evaluating grips and courage drive. The Judge evaluates grips and courage drive on the following criteria: the dog should demonstrate a strong desire to want to engage the helper; the grip should be full as possible and should be maintained in the same location. Dogs that grip full initially but lose part of the grip due to shaking and pulling are not faulty; dogs that display this type of behavior may actually earn points and be rewarded for demonstrating courage drive and strong willingness to engage the helper. However, if a dog loses part of the grip due to shaking or pulling, the dog should re-grip as soon as the opportunity presents itself. Dogs that take full grips but don’t display courage drive or strong desire to challenge the helper must not receive full points. In addition, dogs that hackle up, growl excessively, show any form of avoidance, loosen their grip while being challenged by the helper or take shallow canine grips are faulty. Judges award full points to dogs that clearly demonstrate firm gripping, courage drive, overwhelming enthusiasm and commitment to engage the helper! In addition, Judges award more points to dogs that demonstrate positive, energetic working attitudes while performing. However, control and willingness to respond to commands of the handler are critical. In summary, Judges reward dog/handler teams who can demonstrate a great attitude and a precision performance.

B.  Outs. If the dog, during the gripping stages of the exercise refuses to release the grip a maximum of 3 commands are allowed for each gripping exercise. If the dog does not release the grip on the third command, the Judge shall instruct the handler to quickly go to and control the dog. The dog is excused from further participation. A 3-point deduction shall be given for any extra commands to “let go” used during the exercise.

C.  Bite suit. For all Police Dog titles, the decoy must wear a full bite suit.

D.   Lower body grips or Inner arm grips. The handler must indicate on the entry form that the dog is trained in lower body gripping. Helpers who are qualified to work lower body gripping dogs or inner arm gripping dogs will make the necessary adjustments for conducting the helper work. All gripping exercises allow lower and upper body gripping.

E.  Disengagement exercise. A disengagement exercise is defined as the behavioral response the dog demonstrates after releasing the grip from the helper. The dog may perform any of the following: a release hold and bark, a release sit or down guard or a release and return to the handler’s heel position.

Protection Exercises

1.   Friendly Greeting and Control meeting a Hostile Helper Exercise. The primary purpose of this exercise is to demonstrate the dog/handler team’s ability to perform a friendly greeting from a non-threatening helper and perform control as the helper’s demeanor changes to aggressive and unruly. The dog may become alert or display barking; however, the dog must maintain the basic position throughout the whole routine.

a)   Judges Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start the exercise, where the helper is located, when the helper is to come out, when to cease the unruly behavior, when the exercise is complete and where to report for the next exercise.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The exercise begins with the handler and dog reporting a location designated by the Judge. The handler reports with his/her dog on leash, demonstrating proper heeling. The Judge signals for the helper to come out from a hiding place. The helper makes a direct non-threatening approach to the handler. The handler shakes hands with the helper and introduces him or herself by giving their name, the dog’s name and the reason they are there. The handler then instructs the helper to leave the field; the helper steps back from the handler and refuses to leave. The helper becomes hostile with loud and unruly yelling; the words “I’m not leaving” are suggested. The helper is allowed to be imaginative, however, no direct threats or quick movements toward the handler are allowed. In addition, the helper may be imaginative with his or her comments (no foul language); during this time the helper should turn over and may strike or kick props that are on the field. When the Judge is satisfied that enough distractions have taken place, the Judge instructs the helper to stop, the helper should say “Fine” or “OK I’ll leave”; the helper then turns and walks away from the handler. When the helper is out of sight, the handler then acknowledges the Judge for concluding the exercise. At this time the Judge then instructs the handler where to report for the next exercise.

Note: The designated area for the Friendly Greeting and Control Meeting of a Hostile Helper must include props for the helper to use. Two types of props should be available: a plastic chair, trash container, etc. can be used. Prior to beginning the exercise the Judge must approve the props.

c)   Scoring Friendly Greeting & Hostile Helper Exercise. The first part of the exercise requires that a dog accept a friendly greeting by the helper. The dog should display a neutral, quiet or non-aggressive behavior during the Friendly Greeting. During the Meeting a Hostile Helper Exercise” the dog must remain in the position assigned. The dog should be attentive to the helper and under control. A dog that grips the helper and refuses to release the grip must be assessed a non-qualifying score and excused from further competition. Control is the main criteria of the exercise when evaluating for full points.

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise and possible excusal:

a.   Dog is unruly or out of control;

b.   Dog grips the helper and refuses to release; or

c.   Any rough treatment of the dog by the handler.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfection deductions may be major or minor depending on the extent of the deviation from the ideal performance.

a.   Dog attempts to grip the helper during the friendly greeting;

b.   Dog demonstrates too much threatening posture during the greeting;

c.   Dog is restless and moves from the basic position;

d.   Dog receives extra commands during any portion of the exercises;

e.   Dog shows avoidance toward the helper;

f.     Dog’s confidence or enthusiasm is lacking during the unruly distractions;

g.   Dog is growling or hackling up during the unruly portion; or

h.   Dog barks continuously during the greeting.

 

2.   Passive Alert. The primary purpose of this exercise is for the dog to demonstrate the ability to perform a turn on command, defend the handler from a threatening helper by confronting and barking and a call off command when given by the handler.

a)   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handler where and when to start, when the helper ceases the attack, when the handler commands the dog to cease challenging the helper and when the exercise is finished.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The exercise begins with the handler and dog reporting to the location determined by the Judge. The handler starts with the dog in the basic position and acknowledging the Judge. The helper is waiting at the side of the hiding place (blind) visible to the dog and handler. On the Judge’s instructions, the handler gives the dog its alert command. The helper stands still for at least three seconds in sideways stance to determine if the dog can demonstrate the alert command; after three seconds, has passed, the helper shall first threaten the dog by yelling and making a quick threatening gesture at the same time toward the dog. After the initial threat, the helper shall make a direct stalking and charging approach at the dog in a threatening manner. The helper may yell and threaten with a stick during the approach. The helper shall then turn away as to leave or back straight up and then without warning re-attack the dog/handler team again in the same manner as the first attack. Once the Judge is satisfied that the dog has been properly tested, the Judge shall indicate to the helper to cease the attack. The helper should then return to the location he or she was standing to start the exercise just outside of the blind and become passive in posture just like at the beginning of the exercise. The dog should remain on alert and barking until called off by the handler. The Judge shall indicate to the handler when to command the dog back into the basic position. The handler then acknowledges the Judge to conclude the exercise.

c)   Scoring the Alert on Command Exercise. This exercise is evaluated on the dog’s responses to the handler’s commands of turning on and off and the dog’s willingness to engage a threatening helper. The amount of intensity, courage and barking displayed by the dog toward the threatening helper and the dog’s responses to the handler’s commands are the main areas of the performance the Judge is evaluating for earning full points.

1)   Non-qualifying score. The following must be given a zero score on this exercise:

a.   Dog is allowed to grip the helper by handler error;

b.   Dog doesn’t confront the helper;

c.   Dog doesn’t return to the basic position after alerting;

d.   Handler drops the leash during the exercise; or

e.   Handler touches or forces the dog into the basic position.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Dog receives extra commands.

b.   Dog is very slow responding to the handler’s commands;

c.   Dog does not leave the handler’s side during the alert command;

d.   Dog lacks intensity while confronting the helper;

e.   Dog retreats as the helper threats;

f.     Dog doesn’t bark;

g.   Dog is slow to sit in the basic position;

h.   Dog could respond faster concerning all commands;

i.     The overall performance needs improvement;

j.     Dog needs to bark more; or

k.   Dog spins excessively.

 

3.   Jump Out Attack and Defense of the Handler Exercise. The primary purpose of this exercise is for the dog to perform a protection routine that requires the dog to demonstrate proper heeling while anticipating a jump out attack from the helper, engage an attacking helper, withstand two stick hits during the attack, perform a disengagement exercise, defend the handler during a disarm exercise, perform another disengagement exercise and last perform a dismissal of the helper.

a.   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates to the handler where and when to start the exercise, when to halt, when to approach a blind that doesn’t contain the helper, when the handler will heel toward the blind containing the helper, when the helper is to perform the attack, when the helper is to cease the attack, when the handler is to approach the helper for performing a disarm exercise, when the helper will attack the handler during the disarm exercise, when the helper will cease resisting or challenging the dog, when for the handler to perform  an exercise to dismiss the helper, when the exercise is complete and where to report for the next exercise.

 

b.   Exercise Instructions. The exercise begins with the handler and dog reporting to the location determined by the Judge. The handler has the option performing the exercise off leash or using a tab. If the handler elects to use a tab, it is attached at this time. The handler starts with the dog in the basic position and acknowledging the Judge. The Judge indicates to the handler when to start the exercise. The team shall heel in a straight line to an assigned area containing a blind or hiding spot. Upon reaching this area the Judge is to instruct the handler where to halt or the handler is to halt themselves approximately one pace prior to the blind and wait for the Judge’s instructions. The Judge instructs the handler to turn and heel the dog two more legs of heeling that will lead to a blind where a hidden helper is waiting to perform a jump out attack. On the signal from the Judge, the helper must attack out of the blind and go directly at the dog/handler team. When the handler sees the attack by the helper, the handler must give the dog an engagement command. The dog immediately leaves the handler’s side to intercept the attack by the helper; once reaching the helper, the dog engages the helper with gripping. The helper makes a direct attack at the dog/handler team using verbal (no foul language) and physical threats. The helper is responsible for challenging the dog in a very aggressive manner that includes: physical driving, yelling, stick threats and two stick strikes during the attack. The stick should be an approved padded stick and the stick strikes should be applied to the withers or shoulder blade area of the dog. The dog should engage the helper until the helper ceases the attack or until called off by the handler. After releasing the grip, the dog may perform any of the following disengagement exercises: perform a hold and bark, a down or sit guard or a recall to the handler’s heel position.

 

The handler stands still after commanding the dog to engage the helper. After the Judge orders the helper to cease threatening or resisting the dog the handler is responsible for commanding the dog to release the helper and to perform its trained response after a call off. The dog should perform one of the three methods allowed. After the call off, the handler acknowledges the Judge for approaching the helper to perform a disarm exercise. If the dog is performing a hold and bark or a sit, down guard, the handler approaches the basic side position of the dog and commands the dog to sit. However, if the dog is in a down guard position, the handler may approach the dog and give a re-enforced down command. The handler then performs a disarm exercise. If the handler calls the dog to the heel position after the release command, the handler is also responsible for performing a disarm exercise.

 

A disarm exercise requires that the handler place his or her dog into a down and guard position three to four paces from the helper; this is achieved by instructing the helper to step back to the correct position or by heeling the dog to the correct position. Once the helper is at the proper distance and the dog is in the down guard position, the handler instructs the helper to place his or her arms up for performing a disarm exercise. Next the handler shall perform a disarm exercise, first by searching the helper from the back area. The handler should conduct a back search lasting approximately four to five seconds and then moving to the side of the helper opposite of the dog for additional searching. Once the handler is in position to conduct the second part of the search, the Judge signals the helper to attack the handler. The helper then turns and physically grabs hold of the handler. At this time the dog should recognize the helper’s attack and immediately engage the helper. The helper remains holding on to the handler until the dog has firmly gripped; once the dog grips, the helper releases the handler and starts challenging the dog with driving, yelling, stick threats or other forms of resisting.

 

Once the Judge is satisfied with the helper’s resisting, the Judge instructs the helper to stop resisting and stand still. When the helper stops resisting, the dog should release the grip and perform its disengagement exercise. The handler has remained in a stationary position where the helper attack occurred and waits until the helper has stopped resisting. If the dog has not released the grip, the handler is permitted a release command. Once the dog releases its grip on the helper and performs its disengagement exercise, the handler shall acknowledge the Judge for performing a dismissal of the helper exercise.

 

A dismissal exercise involves the handler approaching the helper and commanding the dog into the basic position. The handler instructs the helper to move to a distance of three to four paces from the dog or if the dog was called to the heel position the handler should heel the dog to a position three to four paces from the helper. Either way, after reaching this distance, the handler re-attaches the leash to the dog, or picks up the tab if already attached and looks to the Judge for concluding the exercise and receiving instructions on where to report for the next exercise. The Judge will not dismiss the helper until the handler is heeling away to report for the next exercise.

 

c.   Scoring the Jump-Out and Attack Exercise. The Judge is evaluating the handler’s control and the willingness of the dog to engage a helper from a hidden attack. The degree of courage displayed by the dog and the control displayed by the handler is the main focus for full points. Heeling must be very correct to receive full points.

 

1)   Non-qualifying (zero) score. The following must be given a zero for this exercise:

a.   Dog doesn’t engage the helper;

b.   Dog runs behind the handler when the helper attacks;

c.   Handler can’t bring the dog back under control during the routine; or

d.   Dog comes off the grip and refuses to re-engage the helper.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfections may be major or minor depending on the extent of the following:

a.   Dog’s heeling is not correct;

b.   Dog lacks enthusiasm and courage during defending against the attack by the helper;

c.   Dog is very slow to respond to commands by the handler;

d.   Handler gives double commands; or

e.   Handler applies a leash correction during the routine;

f.     Minor heeling errors during the heeling exercises;

g.   Dog should respond quicker to the commands;

h.   Dog lacks attention to the handler;

i.     Dog anticipates the commands; or

j.     Dog needs more intensity toward the helper.

 

4.   Courage Test w/gun shots, Voice Commands, “Warning Announcement” and Send Command Exercises.

The primary element of this exercise is to demonstrate a dog’s willingness and ability to engage a helper from a long distance away from the handler. This exercise is designed to test the courage of the dog as it approaches a helper making direct threatening gestures and discharging a firearm (with blanks.) The dog should display a strong desire to engage the helper and a willingness to respond to commands by the handler from a distance. The exercise is concluded by the handler approaching the dog and performing a disarm and transport exercise back to the Judge.

a)   Judge’s Instructions. The Judge indicates where and when to start the exercise, when the helper is to come and attack, when the handler sends the dog, when the helper ceases challenging the dog, where the transport is to be performed, dismissal of the helper when the exercise is complete and where to report for the score or critique of the performance.

b)  Exercise Instructions. The handler heels the dog on leash or tab a designated area and once arriving removes the leash/tab from the dog. The handler acknowledges the Judge and the Judge then signals for the helper to come out. When the handler sees the helper come out, the handler gives a verbal warning to the helper to stop the attack or the dog shall be sent. Once the helper turns up the field and starts making a direct approach toward the handler, the handler watches for the Judge’s signal to send the dog, which has been waiting in the basic position or held by the collar and encouraged by the handler to engage the helper. The handler follows the dog down the field until reaching a distance approximately five to ten paces from the helper. The helper continues forward in a threatening manner using both physical and verbal threats and discharging a firearm (using blanks) twice.

Note:  When the dog reaches a distance of approximately seven paces from the helper, the helper ceases threatening the dog, turns quickly and moves in the opposite direction from the dog, presenting either a left or right triceps arm presentation for the dog to target. The dog must immediately grip firmly. When the dog has gripped, the helper then drives or resists the dog upon the Judge’s signal the helper shall cease resisting. The dog then releases the grip and performs its disengagement exercise; the handler’s command to “let go” is permitted. The handler remains in the required position until signaled by the Judge to approach the dog for performing a disarm exercise. The handler is allowed to follow the dog down the field and come to within five yards of the dog.

The disarm & transport exercise consists of the handler positioning the dog into a down position approximately three to four paces from the helper; the required distance can be obtained by heeling the dog to the proper distance or instructing the helper to move to the necessary location. After the helper is in the correct location for performing a disarm exercise, the handler commands the helper to (put the gun down/drop the gun) and put his/her arms up.  The handler then leaves the dog, goes to the helper to do a search for any other weapons. The handler puts the helper’s hands down to simulate hand cuffing. The handler returns to the dog, commands it to sit, attaches the leash or tab, then instructs the helper to move out to the Judge. The gun must be retrieved by handler on return to dog or during the transport to judge.   Any type of transport is acceptable (SDA, IPO, KNVP, etc.), but must be performed correctly. Same style transport must be use throughout all exercises. A transport of about fifteen paces to the Judge should be performed. Also after conducting the search, the handler may call the dog to the heel position three paces directly behind the helper, then attach the leash or tab and start the transport. In the SDA style transport the handler performs a close back transport of about fifteen paces to the Judge; the handler and dog should follow the helper at a distance around three to five paces. Once the helper reaches the Judge, the handler commands the helper to halt and turn and face the dog. The handler then commands the dog into a down position; leaves the dog and presents the weapon to the Judge. The handler then returns to his or her dog, picks up the leash or tab, commands the dog to sit and, if a tab was used, the leash would be attached after the sit. The handler remains with the dog in the basic position while the Judge dismisses the helper. The handler acknowledges the Judge and waits for instructions on where to report for hearing the score or critique of the performance. The dog is expected to exit the field under control.

Note: Dogs are allowed lower body grips. Helpers must be prepared to take lower body grips. The helper’s movements and bite presentations may be altered on the courage test to accommodate lower body gripping; however, the threats prior to the grip must be the same.

c)   Scoring the Courage Test Exercise. The Judge is primarily evaluating the courage instinct of the entire routine. Dogs that display superior courage drives, firm grips and spirited enthusiasm should receive the most points. In addition, the dog’s responses to the handler’s command are very important for receiving maximum points.

 Note: Only dogs that display an energetic attitude, eagerness to engage the helper and strong will to grip shall receive the maximum points, one additional note concerning the grips: dogs that take initial full grips but lose part of the grip due to the helper’s fighting and shaking should be rewarded. Displaying an eagerness or strong willingness to engage the helper are the main characteristics the Judge is evaluating to determine courage drive and intensity displayed by the dog.

1)   Non-qualifying (Zero) scores. The following must be given a zero score this exercise:

a.   Dog doesn’t engage the helper;

b.   Dog comes off the grip and does not re-engage the helper; or

c.   Rough treatment by the handler to make the dog follow commands.

2)   Major or Minor Imperfections. Imperfection deductions may be major or minor depending on the extent of the deviation from the ideal performance.

a.   Extra commands (verbal or physical;

b.   Dog lacks intensity to make contact with helper;

c.   Dog lacks intensity during the gripping phases of the routine;

d.   Dog’s speed and power displayed during the long attack strike;

e.   The response of dog to obedience commands by the handler;

f.     The attitude or demeanor the dog displayed throughout the routine;

g.   Handler’s ability to demonstrate proper knowledge of the routine; or

h.   Overall smoothness of the routine.

 

Concluding the Routine: The Judge will inform the handler where to report for critiques and announcement of the score. The handler reports with dog on leash and halt with dog maintaining a “sit” in the basic position, handler should then command their dog into a “down” position while waiting for their score and critique. Dog should display proper control during the critique and when exiting from the field. As much as a two point deduction can be assessed for dogs that display lack of control during the critique or when entering or leaving the field. The Judge will have the option of providing a detailed critique, a short summary, or simply announcing the score of the performance of each handler and dog team. Handlers may request an individual critique or review of the performance with the Judge if a critique is not provided. The Judge will determine the time and place for any individual reviews.

Note: The Judge’s score is final. Respect and good sportsmanship must be displayed by all parties at all times